Dissemination of technology (technology transfer)

In the context of non-monetary benefit-sharing a lot of emphasis is put by Contracting Parties on the importance of private-public partnerships and pre-breeding and the availability of such pre-developed material under the Multilateral System of the International Treaty. Pre-breeding work and making such improved breeding material available for the breeding community is part of collaborative efforts related to technology transfer and capacity building. Private companies in many countries actively participate in such projects by contributing their expertise, facilities and also in many cases part of the budget of the project.

Nordic pre-breeding projects

A major initiative on pre-breeding/disease resistance breeding has been initiated in the Nordic countries, with support from the Nordic Council of Ministers. Pre-breeding projects were launched in spring barley, apples (disease resistance pre-breeding) and perennial ryegrass (adaptation to changing climatic conditions).

The projects are financed according to a public-private partnership (PPP) agreement with 50% public funding and 50% funding from participating companies. The companies financing part can be (partly) in kind contribution. The R&D work of the projects will be executed at Nordic Agricultural Universities as well as at the R&D/Breeding Departments of participating companies. The total budget for these PPP-projects is approx. € 1.1 million, split 50/50% public/private.

Pre-breeding lines generated in this project will be shared between the participating companies as well as being handed over to the Nordic Gene Bank (NordGen) collection and thereby accessible to the rest of the global breeding community.

The launch year of this PPP initiative was 2011 – to end in 2013 but due to good progress the project has been extended to continue also during2014. A new launch of Nordic PPP-initiatives is foreseen in autumn 2014.

 

Contact person for more information: Swedish Seed Trade Association – Per Henriksson (per.henriksson@svuf.se)

Websitewww.nordgen.org/index.php/en/content/view/full/3172

SEVIA (Seeds of Expertise for the Vegetable Sector of Africa)

SEVIA is a project, initiated by Rijk Zwaan, East West and Wageningen University, supported by the Dutch government. SEVIA aims to contribute to the development of the vegetable industry in Africa and to food security, for example by developing and disseminating adapted technical innovations in order to enhance productivity and to increase farmers' income and by carrying out variety testing trials to identify well adapted varieties per region.

 

Contact person for more information: Heleen Bos h.bos@rijkzwaan.nl

 

New Vision for Agriculture

We all want a reliable supply of food and better economic opportunities for ourselves and our families. Without food security and prosperity, there is uncertainty and strife where there should be peace.

The key is agriculture, which drives economic growth and provides a livelihood for more than 2.5 billion people worldwide. To meet the urgent global challenges of the future, many seed companies believe there is a need to bring together everyone with a stake in the food value chain – from seed suppliers to consumers.

As part of that collaboration, seed companies Bayer, BASF, Monsanto and Syngenta are working with the World Economic Forum's New Vision for Agriculture initiative, which aims to achieve sustainable agricultural growth through an innovative partnership model involving public and private stakeholders.

The three main objectives are to deliver food security, promote environmental sustainability and improve economic opportunity.  In short, the aim is to feed our hungry planet.

 

Contact person for more information: Holger Elfes holger.elfes@bayer.com

Websitewww.weforum.org/global-challenges/projects/new-vision-for-agriculture

 

 

Grow Africa partnership

No other continent depends on agriculture as much as Africa. More than 60 % of that continent's working population is employed in agriculture. And yet food security is still not guaranteed.

As part of the Grow Africa partnership, a number of actors of the seed industry (Dow, Monsanto, Du Pont-Pioneer, Syngenta, Bayer, Bühler Group, UC Davis) joined other partner organizations and the G8 nations to form the New Alliance for Food Security and Nutrition. The companies involved in this initiative have committed 3 billion dollars of investment in African agriculture. The aim is to strengthen food security and improve farmers' income, while ensuring sustainability.

 

Contact person for more information: Holger Elfes holger.elfes@bayer.com

Websitewww.growafrica.com

 

 

Hybrid Wheat for Food Security

The project “Hybrid Wheat for Food Security” is an innovative wheat research and breeding project targeting food security in India and Pakistan as well as benefitting the UK wheat growers through the eventual introduction of high yielding wheat hybrids. Partners in India, Pakistan, Australia and UK will work together on establishing wheat hybrid testing in South Asia and UK utilising an innovative, non-GMO, non-chemically based, hybrid system. Experienced scientists in Australia will attempt to improve the hybrid system further using molecular and cytogenetic technologies. KWS, UK’s market leader for wheat, will manage and coordinate the project, with the main aim of improving the food security for millions of people in South Asia. In addition, through application of the technology to breeding programmes in the UK, the hybrid system can be rigorously scrutinised using state-of-the-art field trialling facilities, which will facilitate implementation in breeding programmes in South Asia.

Contact person: Jacob Lage: Jacob.Lage@kws.com

 

 

Hybrid Wheat for Food Security

The project “Hybrid Wheat for Food Security” is an innovative wheat research and breeding project targeting food security in India and Pakistan as well as benefitting the UK wheat growers through the eventual introduction of high yielding wheat hybrids. Partners in India, Pakistan, Australia and UK will work together on establishing wheat hybrid testing in South Asia and UK utilising an innovative, non-GMO, non-chemically based, hybrid system. Experienced scientists in Australia will attempt to improve the hybrid system further using molecular and cytogenetic technologies. KWS, UK’s market leader for wheat, will manage and coordinate the project, with the main aim of improving the food security for millions of people in South Asia. In addition, through application of the technology to breeding programmes in the UK, the hybrid system can be rigorously scrutinised using state-of-the-art field trialling facilities, which will facilitate implementation in breeding programmes in South Asia.

Contact person: Jacob Lage: Jacob.Lage@kws.com

 

New breeding strategies for quinoa in Peru

Peru is a diverse country: tropical climate prevails in the Eastern rain forests (“Selva”) while there is a dry desert climate in the West and in the coastal regions (“Costa”). The central Andes (“Sierra”) and the Andean plateau (“Altiplano”) are moderate to cold zones. This diversity is reflected in the agricultural systems. Peruvian smallholder farmers in all parts of the country are cultivating a multitude of maize and quinoa varieties. This biodiversity is at risk, due to increasingly extreme climate events and migration of young people to the cities, leading also to loss of the traditional knowledge concerning cultivation, use and preservation of the cultivated plants. The results: there is a chronic shortage of food especially in remote regions. A total of eight million Peruvians live below the poverty line, which is equivalent to almost 30 percent of about 30 million Peruvians.

The Capacity Building Initiative of KWS in Peru consists of various projects, completely financed by KWS, which in the long term are supposed to help improving the food security of Peruvian smallholder farmers.

One of the projects is focusing on new breeding strategies for quinoa. Quinoa is an annual, very nutritious grain crop that has been domesticated in the Andes about 4,000 years ago. The target of this project is to develop strategies for improved breeding. For this purpose, genetic variations and gains from the selection in crosses of different parental quinoa materials are studied. At the same time, the project tries to preserve the genetic resources of quinoa and to make it usable for a sustainable agriculture. Project partners include the National University of the Altiplano (UNAP, Puno) and Hohenheim University (UH). A Peruvian PhD student is involved in the project, being trained in cooperation with Prof. Dr. Karl Schmid (UH).

Contact persons for more information: Paul Olson: paul.olson@kws.com, Walter Schmidt: walter.schmidt@kws.com  

Websites: Capacity Development initiative: www.kws.com/aw/KWS/company-info/Company/About-KWS/~hhox/Capacity-Development Peru project details: http://www.kws.com/li/bv/hhqn

Strengthening national maize breeding programs in Peru

Peru is a diverse country: tropical climate prevails in the Eastern rain forests (“Selva”) while there is a dry desert climate in the West and in the coastal regions (“Costa”). The central Andes (“Sierra”) and the Andean plateau (“Altiplano”) are moderate to cold zones. This diversity is reflected in the agricultural systems. Peruvian smallholder farmers in all parts of the country are cultivating a multitude of maize and quinoa varieties. This biodiversity is at risk, due to increasingly extreme climate events and migration of young people to the cities, leading also to loss of the traditional knowledge concerning cultivation, use and preservation of the cultivated plants. The results: there is a chronic shortage of food especially in remote regions. A total of eight million Peruvians live below the poverty line, which is equivalent to almost 30 percent of about 30 million Peruvians.

The Capacity Building Initiative of KWS in Peru consists of various projects, completely financed by KWS, which in the long term are supposed to help improving the food security of Peruvian smallholder farmers.

One of the project compares different selection methods in local, open pollinated maize populations. The target is to illustrate the effects on the selection success. For this project, KWS cooperates with the maize improvement program of the National Institute of Agricultural Innovation (INIA, Cusco). Another experiment is used to enhance the maize tolerance to acid soils. Both trials are expected to strengthen national maize breeding programs and to deliver new, improved maize varieties for the Sierra areas.

Contact persons for more information: Paul Olson: paul.olson@kws.com, Walter Schmidt: walter.schmidt@kws.com  

Websites: Capacity Development initiative: www.kws.com/aw/KWS/company-info/Company/About-KWS/~hhox/Capacity-Development Peru project details: http://www.kws.com/li/bv/hhqn

Improving South Asia’s potatoes

A new partnership has been formed which aims to develop better potatoes for tropical and subtropical conditions. The International Potato Center (CIP), global seed potato company HZPC and the Syngenta Foundation for Sustainable Agriculture (SFSA) will combine their resources to breed potato varieties suitable for South Asia markets.

The organisations will combine their experience and resources to breed and select potato varieties suitable for local markets in South Asia. This public-private partnership is aimed at raising the quality and quantity of food production for a growing world population.

Under the new agreement, CIP and HZPC will focus on research and development. Both organisations will provide support in different areas of expertise. While HZPC will apply its strength in the commercialisation of potato varieties and seed potatoes, CIP will contribute its knowledge in the development of varieties for sustainable production in the tropics.

Both organisations will contribute potato germplasm to the endeavour. The scientists will aim to bring together the best combination of traits from HZPC potatoes for temperate regions and CIP's varieties adapted for tropical lowlands and smallholder farmers. The five year breeding programme will aim to produce improved, market-preferred varieties that will enable smallholder farmers to raise their yields and income.

The partnership is also breaking new ground in connection with the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture as it is the first such agreement in which partners have committed to contributing a percentage of the income from royalties to the Treaty’s benefit-sharing fund.

Websitehttp://cipotato.org/press_release/experts-link-improve-south-asias-potatoes

Contact: Gerard Backx, CEO, HZPC

 

INNPACTO AVENASIN

The company Agrovegetal is involved in the INNPACTO AVENASIN project which focuses on genetic evaluation of oat lines from the National Small Grains Collection (USDA) to develop new varieties of oats gluten free for people with celiac disease and offer farmers greater diversification from traditional crops. This project is funded by Spanish Government and the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF).

 

Contact person for more information: Ignacio Solís (Technical Director of Agrovegetal) isolis@agrovegetal.es